Tuesday, 21 November 2017

How Robert Mugabe Held On - Zimbabwe’s President Outlasted Empires, Global Movements, and His Political Rivals—Until Tuesday.

When Robert Mugabe became Zimbabwe’s first leader in 1980, Jimmy Carter was still in the White House, Leonid Brezhnev led the seemingly invincible Soviet Union, and Nelson Mandela was 18 years into a 27-year sentence on Robben Island in apartheid-era South Africa.


In the four decades since that time, Mugabe, who is now 93 years old, tightened his hold on Zimbabwe, stifled the opposition, and dismantled the economy of what was once one of Africa's best-performing countries. Mugabe is the only leader much of Zimbabwe's population, whose median age is 20, has known—and he seemed destined to remain in office until his death.
How Robert Mugabe Held On - Zimbabwe’s President Outlasted Empires, Global Movements, and His Political Rivals—Until Tuesday.
But just as he appeared to be paving the way for a dynastic succession—following the lead of his African contemporaries in Togo, Gabon, and the Democratic Republic of Congo—it became apparent his seemingly permanent grip on power was, in fact, weak. His move two weeks ago to replace Vice President Emmerson Mnangagwa with Grace Mugabe, the widely reviled first lady, was met with a military takeover and, ultimately, the end of the Mugabe era.

Parliament Speaker Jacob Francis Mudenda announced Tuesday that Mugabe had resigned as president, halting impeachment proceedings against him ... How Robert Mugabe Held On - Zimbabwe’s President Outlasted Empires, Global Movements, and His Political Rivals—Until Tuesday.

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